Korean cinema is already more than a century old. As with the film histories of other countries, Korean film history has always been closely linked to the formation of modern society. Thus, Korean film history must be part of the same social and historical foundation that modern society is based on. In Korea, films were only an exotic spectacle when first introduced. Then, when Korean filmmakers had just started making films, they had to go through severe censorship during the colonial period and various military governments. It has not been an easy journey for Korean cinema to grow into a world-renowned success story.It had to survive many external and internal threats and moments of crisis. It is natural that many people are eager to know how the domestic film market share soared from a mere 15.9 per cent in 1993 to 60per cent in 2004, the box-office quadrupled over one decade, and such diverse films are made. The key to success has been creativity and powerful content, supported by the greatest accomplishment of the Korean film industry: the abolition of restrictions and censorship. There is also the common experience of national division and the history of dictatorship. Some foreign film professionals ask me what policy was required to achieve Korea's success. I always give them the same answer: if there is any restriction, abolishing it is a prerequisite, as freedom of expression is more effective than any other support. The history of the Korean cinema itself proves this.
STYLE GUIDEPREFACEFour Variations on Korean Genre Film : Tears, Screams, Violence and Laughter01 The Exhibition of Moving Pictures and the Advent of Korean Cinema 1897-1925Exhibition of Moving PicturesThe Establishment of Permanent TheatersFight for Justice and the Success of Kino-dramaThe Vow Made below the Moon : Fiction Films Begin with an Educational FilmLee Wol-haw, the First Korean Actress, and Gisaeng Actresses at WorkThe Story of Jang-hwa and Hong-ryeon and Producer Park Seung-pilThe Genealogy of Shinpa Melodramas in Korean Cinema02 The Japanese Colonial Period, Heyday of Silent Films 1926-1934Motion Picture and Film Censorship RegulationShinpa Films and ModernityArirang and National CinemaThe KAPF Cinema Movemnet and Left-Wing FilmsA Ferry Boat that No One Owns Expresses the People's AngerByunsa : Stars of the Silent Film PeriodThe Debates around Realism in the Korean Cinema03 The Sound Film and Militarism 1935-1945The First Sound Film, The Story of Chun-hyangThe Early Days of Korean Film TechnologySweet Dream, The Earliest Surviving Korean FilmRecently Discovered FilmsFilm Regulations of the Japanese Government-General of Korea After the Chosun Film DecreePropaganda Films Co-produced during the Last Years of Japanese ImperialismFreedom of Speech and Cinema : The History of Korean Film Censorship04 Liberation and the Korean War 1945-1953Viva Freedom! and Liberation FilmsFilm Technology in DisarrayThe Korean Film Community Under the USAMGKA Hometown in the Heart : Lyrical and Tranquil BeautyThe Korean War and DocumentariesFilm Production in Refugee CitiesChanges in the Korean Star System05 The Revival of the Film Industry 1954-1962Policies to Promote the Film Industry After The Korean WarChun-hyang Story Pioneers the Korean Cinema RevivalThe Period Films BoomMadame Freddom and MelodramasThe Wedding Day and ComediesTendencies in Korean Cinema Genres and Forms Foreign Films and Their InfluenceThe Sudo Film Company and the Anyang Studio Korea's Hollywood : The Formation of ChungmuroNew Representations of the Patriarchal System in the Family DramaThree Representative Film of Post-War Korean Cinema : The Housemaid, An Aimless Bullet, and Mother and a GuestKorean Women Directors06 The Korean Cinema Renaissance and Genre Films 1963-1971The Enactment and Enforcement of the Motion Picture LawThe Industrialization Policy for Korean Cinema, and the Birth of Shin FilmsThe Advent of Wide Screen : Cinemascope and ColorExuberan Sets and Costumes in Period FilmsThe Sensibility and Aesthetics of the New Genre, Action Thriller FilmsLaughter in Abnormality and Relief in Normality : ComediesThe Barefoot Young and Youth FilmsKorean Cinema's Leap into the World : Korean-Hong Kong Co-productionsPublic Indecency and the Biolation of the Anti-Communist LawThe System of Awards for Producting Quality Films and Literary FilmsSelf-conscious Modernist FilmsHorror Films and A Public Cemetery below the MoonThe Shinpa Films of the Late 1960s and Love Me Once AgainThe Representation of the Family in Korean Cinema07 The Authoritarian Period and a Depression in the Film Industry 1972-1979The Motion Picture law under the Yushin RegimeThe Film Industry Stagnates and the Impact of TelevisionThe Fashion for Film Adaptation of Popular NovelsMetaphors of Resistance during Devastation : Yeong-ja's Heyday and The March of FoolsYouth Culture and Young Sng Shi DaeNational Policy Films under the Shadow of ControlDeracinated Martial Arts Action FilmsThe Formation of the Teen Audience for High-teen FilmsThe Hostess Film Cycle : The True StoryThe Subculture of Second0run TheatersThe Cultural Center Generation and the Growth of Film Buff CultureImages of Women in Korean movies08 The New Military Regime's Rule over Culture and the Advent of the New Film Culture 1980-1987The 3S Policy and Erotic FilmsRealism and the Portrayal of PovertyOvercoming Division and Finding the Road to ReunificationSocial Group Pressure on the CinemaThe Sensibility and Narrative Style of 1980s Commercial FilmsThe Fifth and Sixth Revisions of the Motion Picture Law : Liberalization of Produciton and Foreing Film ImportsFilms Depicting the Realities of Woment's LivesGlovalization : Awards at International Film FestivalsIn Search of New Cinema and Alternative Cinema Specialized Film Education : The Korean Academy of Film ArtsThe Beginning of Hollywood Direct Distribution and ResistanceSmall-Scale Theater Culture and the Popularization of VideosNational Cinema-Who Is It For? : The History and Context of the Korean Cinema09 The New Korean Cinema Movement 1988-1995Changes in the Korean Film Industry after Direct DistrivutionThe Advent of the Korean New WaveJangsangotmae and the Struggle to Screen Night Before the StrikeSanggye-dong Olympic and the Activities of Independent Documentary Production GroupsNew Generation Producers' Concept MoviesA New Comedy Sensibility : Marriage Story and Two CopsSopyonje and the Revival of NationalismComplex Awareness of Reality and Genre : Directors after the New Wave GenerationArt Film Exhibition : From Videotheques to Art Film TheatersDefend the Screen Quota System!A History of Korean Film Policies10 The Growth and Outlook of the Korean Cinema 1996-PresentThe WTO System and the Reorganization of Film Promotion PolicyThe Transition from Censorship to the Rating SystemThe Change in the Distribution System and a New StructureAdvaces in Visual TechnologyThe "Nation" and "People" in Commercial " National and Popular" filmsCritical Journalism : The Formation of the Market for Weekly Film MagazinesSailing from the Local onto the Global Scene : The Launch of the Pusan International Film Festival International Co-ProductionsMultiplex Theaters : Making Comfortable Movie-Going AccessibleSwiri and Korean BlockbustersThe Endorsement of Well-Made FilmsThe Middle-Aged and Older Audience's Move-Going Habits in the Age of the Ten-Million-Strong AudienceHallyu Fever and Korean CinemaThe Korean Cinema's Young Dream : New DirectorsThe Pillar of Film Culture : The Power of Independent FilmsDigital Generation, Digital FilmsA Film Artist for All Times : Im Kwon-taekThe Aesthetic Topography of Korean CinemaTrends in the Structure of the Korean Film IndustryBIBLIOGRAPHYINDEX